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The Hindu Vocabulary For All Competitive Exams | 01-04-2023

Swati Mahendras

1. Placate (Verb): शाांत करना / मनाना : to stop someone from feeling angry

Synonyms: mollify, pacify, soothe, comfort, calm

Antonyms: infuriate, anger, inflame, annoy, enrage

Example Sentence: They attempted to placate the students with promises.

2. Embolden (Verb) : साहसी बनाना : give (someone) the courage or confidence to do something

Synonyms: inspire, encourage, inspirit, stimulate

Antonyms: discourage, dishearten, dispirit, depress

Example Sentence:  If we give in to the terrorists, our actions will embolden other terrorist groups to commit the same criminal acts.

3. Smear (Verb) : बदनाम करना : damage the reputation of (someone) by false accusations

Synonyms: libel, slander, defame

Antonyms: honor, exalt, glorify

Example Sentence:  He is willing to smear his opponent if doing so would win the election.

4. Encumbrance (Noun) : बाधा : something that makes movement or progress difficult

Synonyms: obstacle, hurdle, hindrance, impediment

Antonyms: impetus, push, aid

Example Sentence: Maggie soon discovered that her broken foot was an encumbrance to everything from her work to her social life to her personal grooming.

5. Travail (Noun) : कड़ा परिश्रम : painful or laborious effort, a physical or mental exertion

Synonyms: toil, labor, effort

Antonyms: rest, leisure, relaxation

Example Sentence:  He gained the medal through his painful travail.

6. Desiccated (Verb): सूखना : remove the moisture from (something); cause it to become completely dry

Synonyms: dried up, dehydrated

Antonyms: hydrated, washed, moisturize

Example Sentence:  The bricks were desiccated by the sun.

7. Riposte (Verb) : जवाबी हमल : make a quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism.

Synonyms: retort, counter, hurl back

Example Sentence:  Full of quick comebacks, the comedian  always has a riposte to any heckler in the crowd.

8. A slap on the wrist (Idiom) : a small punishment when a more severe punishment is deserved

Synonyms: nominal punishment, token punishment

Example Sentence:  They rob someone on the street and they get a slap on the wrist – thirty days in jail.

9. Fortuitous(Adjective) : आकस्मिक : happening by chance rather than intention

 chance, unexpected, unanticipated, coincidental

Antonyms: calculated, deliberate, intentional, planned

Example Sentence: Mark proved to be fortuitous by selecting all six winning lotto numbers.

10. Promulgate (Verb) : घोषणा करना : promote or make widely known

announce, declare, advertise, publicize, promote

Antonyms: conceal, hide, suppress

Example Sentence: The actor makes use of social media to promulgate the release of his film projects.


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