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English Language Quiz For IBPS & SBI Exam | 10-06-2021

Swati Mahendras

 



Dear Readers,

Mahendras has started special quizzes for IBPS & SBI Exam so that you can practice more and more to crack the examination. This IBPS & SBI Exam special quiz series will mold your preparations in the right direction and the regular practice of these quizzes will be really very helpful in scoring good marks in the Examination. Here we are providing you the important question of reasoning ability for the IBPS & SBI Exam.



1-5. In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are given below the passage and against each five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Tiny natural ponds pose an overlooked danger for speeding up global warming, according to a study published in the journal Nature Climate Change. In experiments designed to (A) moderate future warming, scientists in Britain found that such ponds — a metre across — gradually lose the capacity to soak up one kind of greenhouse gas and give (B) even more of another. After seven years at higher-than-ambient temperatures, “the ability of the ponds to absorb carbon dioxide was reduced by almost half, while methane release nearly doubled,” said lead-author Gabriel Yvon-Durocher, a professor at the University of Exeter. “Both those trends became amplified over time,” he said. With soil, by contrast, warming initially stimulates CO2 output but then causes it to (C) off. The new findings matter because small ponds play an outsized role in the planet’s carbon cycle — the balance between input and output of greenhouse gases.

While covering only a tiny fraction of Earth’s surface area, they are responsible for about 40% of methane emissions from inland waters, earlier research has shown. Methane is about 28 times more effective in trapping the sun’s radiation in our atmosphere than carbon dioxide, the dominant greenhouse gas. ”Our findings show that warming can (D) alter the carbon balance of small ponds over a number years,” Mr. Durocher said. “This could ultimately accelerate climate change.” Scientists working on the next major UN scientific report on climate change, scheduled for 2020, should take note, he added. “Up to now, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] models do not take into account the amplification effects of warming on these (E) ecosystems.”

1.Choose the correct option for (A).


01. simulate

02. happening

03. adjudicate

04. fine

05. deployed

2.Choose the correct option for (B).


01. with

02. by

03. to

04. over

05. off

3.Choose the correct option for (C).

01. vague

02. taper

03. kind

04. impinge

05. grate

4.Choose the correct option for (D).

01. exclusive

02. voraciously

03. happen

04. fundamentally

05. amaze

5.Choose the correct option for (E).

01. sky

02. abate

03. aquatic

04. celestial

05. amphibians

6-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.


The US is set to cede power of the Internet’s naming system to a non-profit organisation on October 1, ending the almost 20-year process to hand over a crucial part of the internet’s governance. The Domain Naming System, DNS, is one of the internet’s most important components. It pairs the easy-to-remember web addresses with their relevant servers. Without DNS, one would only be able to access websites by typing in its IP address, a series of numbers such as “194.66.82.10”.More by circumstance than intention, the US has always had ultimate say over how the DNS is controlled — but not for much longer. The US would give up its power fully to Los Angles-based ICANN — the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers — a non-profit organisation. The terms of the change were agreed upon in 2014, but it was not until now that the US said it was finally satisfied that ICANN was ready to make the change .ICANN took charge of internet’s naming system on October 1, 2016, the report said. Users of the web would not notice any difference because ICANN has essentially being doing the job for years. But it’s a move that has been fiercely criticised by some of the US politicians as opening the door to the likes of China and Russia to meddle with a system that has always been “protected” by the US. “The proposal would significantly increase the power of foreign governments over the Internet,” warned a letter signed by several Republican senators, including former presidential hopeful candidate.

ICANN was created in 1998 to take ovr the task of assigning web addresses. Until that point, that job was handled by one man — Jon Postel. He was known to many as the “god of the internet”, a nod to his power over the internet, as well as his research work in creating some of the systems that underpin networking. Postel, who died not long after ICANN was created, was in charge of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Administration of the IANA was contracted to the newly-formed ICANN, but the US’ National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), part of the Department of Commerce, kept its final say over what it was able to do from October, the “new” ICANN would become an organisation that answers to multiple stakeholders who want a say over the internet. Those stakeholders include countries, businesses and groups offering technical expertise. It’s a big change. It marks a transition from an internet effectively governed by one nation to a multi-stakeholder governed internet: a properly global solution for what has become a global asset.

6.Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage?

01. The US would give up its power fully to Los Angles.

02. ICANN took charge of internet’s naming system on October 1, 2016.

03. The US would give up its power fully to Canberra.

04. ICANN held the power in the US regime to be all set for the internet’s planning system.

05. Both 2 and 3

7.Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

01. Postel inaugurated the ICANN program.

02. ICANN would become an organisation that answers to multiple stakeholders.

03. ICANN was created in 1998.

04. Postel, died long after ICANN was created.

05. Stakeholders include countries, businesses and groups offering technical expertise.

8.What was warned by a letter signed by several Republican senators including former presidential hopeful candidate?

01. The proposal would significantly make the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers — a non-profit organisation.

02. The proposal would significantly increase the power of foreign governments over the Internet.

03. The proposal would significantly decrease the power of domestic governments over the Internet.

04. The proposal would significantly increase the power of public over the Internet.

05. The proposal would significantly increase the power of the ruling government.

9.Why would the users of the web not notice any difference?

A. Because some of the US politicians as opening the door to the likes of China and Russia to meddle with a system that has always been “protected” by the US.

B. Because ICANN has essentially been doing the job for years.

C. Because of its final say over what it was able to do from October.

01. Both (A) and (B)

02. Only (B)

03. Both (B) and (C)

04. Only (C)

05. Both (A) and (C)

10.Suggest a suitable title for the given passage?


01. The US-DNS and lots more.

02. The US telecommunications.

03. The US set to cede control of domain naming system.

04. The US regime and a multi-stakeholder governed internet.

05. The US found a global solution.

Answers:-

Q.1 (1)

Q.2 (5)

Q.3 (2)

Q.4 (4)

Q.5 (3)

Q.6 (2)

Q.7 (4)

Q.8 (2)

Q.9 (2)

Q.10 (3)

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