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The Hindu Vocabulary For All Competitive Exams | 03-05-2021

Swati Mahendras

1. DISPERSE (VERB): (बिखेर देना): scatter

Synonyms: disseminate distribute

Antonyms: gather

Example Sentence:

Storms can disperse seeds via high altitudes.

2. DESPOTIC (ADJECTIVE): (तानाशाही): autocratic

Synonyms: dictatorial, totalitarian

Antonyms: democratic

Example Sentence:

Obeying no law, despotic authority was arbitrary, and its animating spirit was fear.

3. CALAMITY (NOUN): (आपदा): disaster

Synonyms: catastrophe, tragedy

Antonyms: godsend

Example Sentence:

Emergency measures may be necessary in order to avert a calamity.

4. MENACE (VERB): (ख़तरे में डालना): threaten

Synonyms: jeopardize, imperil

Antonyms: friendly, auspicious

Example Sentence:

Africa's elephants are still menaced by poaching.

5. TORMENT (NOUN): (व्यथा): agony

Synonyms: suffering, torture

Antonyms: pleasure

Example Sentence:

Their deaths have left both families in torment.

6. DETRIMENT (NOUN): (क्षति): harm

Synonyms: damage, injury

Antonyms: benefit, good

Example Sentence:

He sits up very late to the detriment of his health.

7. OBFUSCATE (VERB): (अस्पष्ट करना): obscure

Synonyms: confuse, blur

Antonyms: clarify

Example Sentence:

She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.

8. FACTION (NOUN): (कलह): infighting

Synonyms: dissension, dissent

Antonyms: harmony

Example Sentence:

The council is increasingly split by faction.

9. UTTERLY (ADVERB): (पूर्णता से): completely

Synonyms: totally, absolutely

Antonyms: partly

Example Sentence:

He looked utterly ridiculous.

10. CLAMOUR (NOUN): (कोलाहल): din

Synonyms: racket, uproar

Antonyms: silence

Example Sentence:

The questions rose to a clamour.


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