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English Language Quiz For IBPS & SBI Exam | 07-04-2021

Swati Mahendras

 



Dear Readers,

Mahendras has started special quizzes for IBPS & SBI Exam so that you can practice more and more to crack the examination. This IBPS & SBI Exam special quiz series will mold your preparations in the right direction and the regular practice of these quizzes will be really very helpful in scoring good marks in the Examination. Here we are providing you the important question of reasoning ability for the IBPS & SBI Exam.

1-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions.

Allow me to stay away from the obviousness of a child abuse and highlight instead on something more granular, commonplace and veiled.

Domestic violence, domestic disputes, marital altercations…you can tone down the magnitude at will, but the effect remains the same when it comes to the child trapped in bondage. While the gory effects of child abuses are seen and heard, the silent witness of a parental fight suffers immeasurably in wailing isolation.

In other words, the challenge is not in suffering but in the unseen nature of the suffering. There’s no throat tearing cry, no rod marks, no stains…only the silent soak of emotions in a quiet corner, behind the books, under the quilt. The effects reach terrifying depths.

Let’s cut short the rhetoric and take refuge in research.

According to the works of Brown and Bzostek, 2003, these hapless children swing in a dichotomy. They are either sunk in anxiety and depression or torn apart with aggressive and antisocial behaviour. Anger, hostility, oppositional behaviour, disobedience, poor peer, sibling, and social relationships… these are easy pickings. Unfortunate but predictable.

What is deeper and dangerous, are the cognitive and attitudinal problems.

Free will and free emotions being repeatedly squashed, fear becomes the primary emotion. Everything else becomes a reaction to fear. Fear, turns a guardian that chaperones every step of the child, physical, emotional, or mental.

And of course, younger, the worse. Devoid of the coping strategies of an adolescent, the younger child takes the heat bare bodied…with disastrous consequences.

Research suggests that repeated and unabated domestic violence thwarts the child’s neurocognitive development, leading to lower intelligence. Going by a study, exposed children had IQs that were, on average, 8 points lower than unexposed children. Data from structural equation models showed that adult domestic violence accounted for 4% of the variation, on average, in child IQ, independent of latent genetic influences.

A child is a child when it comes to suffering. Yet when the years go by, effects differ in different sexes. Although not etched in stone, studies indicate that males exposed to domestic violence as children more likely engaged in domestic violence as adults. Females on the contrary withdrew and sank in depression. This brings us to the long term effects and consequences. More tragic.

According to The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (an ongoing collaborative research between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, GA, and Kaiser

Permanente in San Diego, CA), exposure to domestic violence is one of the prime adverse experiences that contribute to a plethora of frightful consequences including alcoholism, illicit drug use, suicidal attempts, unintended pregnancies, and premature deaths.

The numbers are equally frightening. As many as 13% percent of those suffering children witnessed their mothers treated violently. A whopping 23% witnessed a bloody divorce.

Let us take a clear stand on this issue.

This is not an exotic disease that flaunts and holds a chapter in the medical text book. This is neither a disorder nor a mental aberration that calls for a drug or warrants a screaming social activist. This is a household happening, a common occurrence, a human shortcoming that can end in the shatter of a wine glass, a scar in the corner of a lip or better, with a kiss and a hug. Yet this very common incident can be the cause of unseen erosion in a pristine child.

Prescriptions and counselling are irrelevant here. This is all about a firm awareness that when it comes to one’s own creations and decisions, responsibility is a fundamental human quality. Anything otherwise is as grave as an open abuse.

1 Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.

HAPLESS


01. Woeful

02. Lucky

03. Intelligent

04. Fatuous

05. Humble

2 Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.

FRIGHTENING


01. Divided

02. Disheartening

03. Follow

04. Attaching

05. Comforting

3 According to the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study, exposure to domestic violence leads to which of the following?

(A) Alcoholism

(B) Illicit drug use

(C) Suicidal attempts and premature deaths

(D) Unintended pregnancies

01. All except C

02. All except D

03. Both A and B

04. Both B and C

05. All A, B, C and D

4 Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?

01. Devoid of the coping strategies of an adolescent, the younger child takes the heat bare bodied with disastrous consequences.

02. As many as 23% percent of those suffering children witnessed their mothers treated violently.

03. A child is a child when it comes to suffering.

04. Females on the contrary withdrew and sank in depression.

05. Fear, turns a guardian that chaperones every step of the child, physical, emotional, or mental.

5 What is the author’s intention behind writing this passage?

01. To bring us to the long term effects and consequences of parental fights, domestic violence etc on children.

02. To show the condition of parents in today's time.

03. To highlight the problem which children are suffering at their home because of their parents.

04. To devoid of the coping strategies of an adolescent.

05. To turn a guardian that chaperones every step of the child, physical, emotional, or mental.

6 Which of the following statements is TRUE in the context of the passage?

(A) Free will and free emotions are being repeatedly squashed and fear becomes the primary emotion.

(B) When the females are happy, this brings us to the long term effects and consequences.

(C) You can tone down the magnitude at will, but the effect remains the same when it comes to the child trapped in bondage.

01. Only B

02. Only A

03. All A, B and C

04. Only A and C

05. Only B and C

7 What, according to the works of Brown and Bzostek, was the condition of the children?

01. The children were happy with whatever they had.

02. The children are either sunk in anxiety and depression or torn apart with aggressive and antisocial behaviour.

03. The children were suffering and that too from the unseen nature of the suffering.

04. The children hearts are afflicting with harrassment and agony.

05. Not clearly mentioned in the passage.

8 Which of the following is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage?

01. Children and their disease

02. Comparison between male and female

03. Parental fights, domestic violence and how the child suffers due to them

04. Household happenings

05. Emotion and fear

9 Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.

THWARTS


01. Attacks

02. Controls

03. Avoids

04. Prevents

05. Supports

10 Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.

GORY


01. Good

02. Copious

03. Impossible

04. Dubious

05. Horrible

Answers:-

Q.1 (2)

Q.2 (5)

Q.3 (5)

Q.4 (2)

Q.5 (1)

Q.6 (4)

Q.7 (2)

Q.8 (3)

Q.9 (4)

Q.10 (5)

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