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English Language Quiz For IBPS & SBI Exam | 13-01-2021

Swati Mahendras

 Dear Readers,

Mahendras has started special quizzes for IBPS & SBI Exam so that you can practice more and more to crack the examination. This IBPS & SBI Exam special quiz series will mold your preparations in the right direction and the regular practice of these quizzes will be really very helpful in scoring good marks in the Examination. Here we are providing you the important question of reasoning ability for the IBPS & SBI Exam.

1-10. In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are given below the passage and against each five words have been suggested, one of which fits the blanks appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case. 

Euthanasia has always been fraught with moral, social, and religious tensions across jurisdictions. On the one hand, nations have tried to (A) with the issue by creating a legal framework that balances these multiple considerations. On the other hand is the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s draft Medical Treatment of Terminally-Ill Patients Bill, 2016, which creates a flimsy framework. The Bill, which has been put up for public comments, has attracted a range of views so far. In particular, its refusal to give legal effect to advance medical directives (‘living wills’) is an (B) of legislative responsibility and a violation of Article 21 (protection of life and personal liberty). 

The Bill does the bare minimum to give effect to the rights of competent terminally ill patients to refuse or request the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. This legal recognition of passive euthanasia has been a long time coming — the 196th Report of the Law Commission of India made this (C) as far back as 2006, and the Supreme Court gave effect to it in 2011 — which makes the Bill’s content more disappointing. The Bill virtually reproduces the model legislation set out in the 241st report of the Law Commission. The Commission had advised against recognising the legal (D) of advance directives, and Clause 11 of the Bill regurgitates this recommendation without attempting to assess the merits of the Commission’s objection. 

The 196th report recommended that an advance directive in exercise of the right to refuse medical treatment be overridden because of the fear that such directives would lead to unnecessary litigation. This position finds expression in the Bill. This is a conceptually problematic understanding of rights and their limitations. While rights are not absolute, the (E) that they are usually subjected to are imposed in order to give effect to other interests that are valued by society. Rights are not wholly taken away because there is a danger that they will be misused, especially not when all that this so-called danger involves is moving the courts frequently for their enforcement. The answer perhaps lies in a strong law that pre-empts (F), rather than in refusing to give effect to the right altogether. 

The government’s unthinking adoption of the Law Commission’s reasoning is in spite of the fact that it has had the benefit of hearing arguments in favour of advance directives through a PIL filed by Common Cause in the Supreme Court. Earlier this year, the court (G) the hearing in order to allow the government to draft legislation legalising (H) euthanasia. This deferral by the court was appropriate; given the complexity of the issue, it is desirable that it be governed by comprehensive parliamentary legislation rather than by judicial guidelines. 

However, the Bill demonstrates that the court’s faith was (I). The draft Bill negates the basic common law rights of a patient to autonomy over her own body and the determination of what treatment she is willing to undergo. The government has thus denied the patient’s fundamental right to life and (J). 

1 Choose the correct option for (A) 

01. Struggle 

02. Retreat 

03. Dodge 

04. Fasten 

05. Grapple 

2 Choose the correct option for (B) 

01. Surrender 

02. Decampment 

03. Adieu 

04. Abdication 

05. Kudos 

3 Choose the correct option for (C) 

01. Judgement 

02. Recommendation 

03. Condemnation 

04. Advocacy 

05. Promulgation 

4 Choose the correct option for (D) 

01. Consider 

02. Vociferous 

03. Validate 

04. Vicious 

05. Legitimation 

5 Choose the correct option for (E) 

01. Promotion 

02. Limitation 

03. Drawback 

04. Endowment 

05. Circumspection 

6 Choose the correct option for (F) 

01. Litigation 

02. Contention 

03. Rectification 

04. Concurrence 

05. Compliment 

7 Choose the correct option for (G) 

01. Adjourned 

02. Renegotiated 

03. Advanced 

04. Followed 

05. Deferred 

8 Choose the correct option for (H) 

01. Impatient 

02. Dynamic 

03. Static 

04. Passive 

05. Active 

9 Choose the correct option for (I) 

01. Misplaced 

02. Found 

03. Existing 

04. Conscious 

05. Factual 

10 Choose the correct option for (J) 

01. Denial 

02. Prohibition 

03. Incarceration 

04. Liberty 

05. Release 


Q.1 (5) 

Q.2 (4) 

Q.3 (2) 

Q.4 (3) 

Q.5 (2) 

Q.6 (1) 

Q.7 (5) 

Q.8 (4) 

Q.9 (1) 

Q.10 (4)


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