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The Hindu Vocabulary For All Competitive Exams | 30-12-2020

Swati Mahendras

1. EXACERBATE (VERB): (बदतर करना): aggravate 

Synonyms: worsen, inflame 

Antonyms: calm 

Example Sentence: 

The exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem. 

2. TENUOUS (ADJECTIVE): (तुच्छ): slight 

Synonyms: insubstantial, flimsy 

Antonyms: convincing 

Example Sentence: 

The tenuous link between interest rates and investment. 

3. LACKLUSTRE (ADJECTIVE): (निरुत्साही): uninspired 

Synonyms: uninspiring, unimaginative 

Antonyms: inspired 

Example Sentence: 

No excuses were made for the team's lacklustre performance. 

4. CONTENTION (NOUN): (तकरार): disagreement 

Synonyms: dispute disputation 

Antonyms: agreement 

Example Sentence: 

The captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries. 

5. PLETHORA (NOUN): (बहुतायत): excess 

Synonyms: abundance, overabundance 

Antonyms: dearth 

Example Sentence: 

She always has a plethora of bad jokes. 

6. RETICENCE (NOUN): (अल्पभाषिता): reserve 

Synonyms: introversion, restraint 

Antonyms: expansiveness 

Example Sentence: 

She paused, as if hesitating to confide, until her anger overcame her reticence. 

7. SURMISE (VERB): (अंदाज़ा लगाना): guess 

Synonyms: conjecture, suspect 

Antonyms: know 

Example Sentence: 

I surmised that something must be wrong. 

8. FALLACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): (ग़लत): erroneous 

Synonyms: false, untrue 

Antonyms: true 

Example Sentence: 

His argument is based on fallacious reasoning. 

9. VEIL (VERB): (ढंक देना): covert 

Synonyms: surreptitious, hidden 

Antonyms: overt 

Example Sentence: 

Cold mists veiled the mountain peaks. 

10. TRASH (NOUN): (बकवास): nonsense 

Synonyms: drivel, pap 

Antonyms: logic 

Example Sentence: 

If they read at all, they read trash. 


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