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Monday, 1 October 2018

English Language For IBPS PO | 01- 10- 18

Mahendra Guru
Dear Aspirants,

As IBPS has released the official notification of the Common Recruitment Process for selection of personnel for Probationary Officer/ Management Trainee posts and the exam is tentatively scheduled to be held in October / November 2018. Looking at the notification, we have now started subject-wise quizzes for the exam. It will include quizzes of all the subjects- Quantitative Aptitude, English, Reasoning and Computer. All these quizzes will be strictly based on the latest pattern of the IBPS PO exam and will be beneficial for your preparations. So, keep following the quizzes which will provide you a set of 10 questions daily. 

Here, we are providing you important questions of English Language for IBPS PO 2018 exam.

Q.1-10- Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. 

Human capital flight, more commonly referred to as “brain drain”, is the large-scale emigration of a large group of individuals with technical skills or knowledge. The reasons usually include two aspects which respectively come from countries and individuals. In terms of countries, the reasons may be social environment. In terms of individual reasons, there is family influence (overseas relatives), and personal preference: preference for exploring, ambition for an improved career, etc. Although the term originally referred to technology workers leaving a nation, the meaning has broadened into: “the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another, usually for better pay or living conditions”. Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost, since emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their training sponsored by the government or other organizations. It is a parallel of capital flight, which refers to the same movement of financial capital. Brain drain is often associated with de-skilling of emigrants in their country of destination, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals. 

Brain Drain means the migration of highly qualified experts like doctors, engineers, scientist and other trained persons from the under-developed countries to advancing countries. More or less, all the backward countries are suffering from this problem. India is also suffering from this brain drain seriously at the present moment. 
Thus brain drain is a direct loss, of trained experts in many fields, to the under-developed and poor countries. On the other hand, it is a net gain to the advanced countries. According to a UNO report, every year thousands of experts are migrating from backward countries to advanced countries like USA, UK, Canada, Germany etc. The under-developed countries are spending millions of rupees on the training of these experts. But the advanced countries are utilizing their services without spending a single penny on their training. Every year, thousands of highly talented doctors, engineers, scientists and other intellectuals leave India and migrate to foreign countries. They generally go to U.S.A, UK, Canada, West Germany, etc for monetary gains and facilities for higher research. US is the biggest gainer from the loss of India due to brain drain. 

Most of the students who go abroad for higher studies do not return to India. After seeing, the affluent life of foreign countries they lose all interest in their own country. Many Indians are teaching at various US Universities and other Institutions of higher learning. Some of them are placed on quite lucrative and high posts. There are so many causes of the brain drain in India. First of all, there is the unemployment problem. Even a talented person cannot get job. India is lacking in facilities for higher research work. The top appointments are quite few in India. Thus the talented experts like to seek new pastures abroad. There is another attraction of leading a higher standard of living in foreign countries, because the technical experts and intellectuals are given special facilities there. In foreign countries, there is the advantage that while learning a person can also earn his own living. The stipends in foreign countries are sufficient enough. A frugal Indian Student living there can also save something to send home. 

There is no doubt that India is having vast natural and man power resources. If both these resources are put to the maximum utilization astounding advancement can be achieved in all fields. These technical and other talented reasons that we lose every year, can greatly help in the development of our natural resources. The government must take speedy steps to lure back home these talented sons of India who are living abroad. These experts can surely help in making India a great power in the world. In this connection, even the people should also come forward and cooperate with the Government in solving this problem. The parents of the students should not encourage them to go abroad and settle there even if they are paid high salaries. 

The doctors, engineers and scientists owe a duty to their motherland. Our nation is spending huge amounts of money on their training. These people should not betray their own nation by serving foreign nations. Today thousands of young Indian scientists and technicians are devoted to the cause of rebuilding our nation. The country has already achieved the nuclear status as well as become a space power. There are enough opportunities for all the Indian scientists and engineers settled abroad, if they come back to India. They should play an important role in future progress of our country and share the honor of participating in this sacred task. 

There is no doubt that India is bound to become one of the most industrialized and scientifically advanced countries in the world. Let every Indian scientist, engineer and technician share the privilege of participating in the noble task of building nation. Thus they can earn the gratitude of their people. 

Q.1. What, according to the passage, should parents do to help the Government in solving the problem of brain drain? 

(1) They should spend less on their children so that they do not become accustomed to living in luxury. 

(2) They should teach their kids to be a loyal citizen of India. 

(3) They should not encourage them to go abroad even on high salary packages. 

(4) They should not compel them to earn their own living. 

(5) They should talk their kids into establishing their own businesses in India itself. 

Q.2. Why does the author say that the doctors, engineers and scientists owe to their motherland, India? 

(1) Because they are born in India. 

(2) Because a lot of people are migrating from India and therefore these above mentioned people should refrain from doing so. 

(3) Because technicians and specialists are given special facilities here. 

(4) Because the nation has spent heavy amount on their training. 

(5) Because US is stealing our human resources. 

Q.3. What are the main attractions of working in the foreign countries? 

(A) The wealthy life of foreign countries. 

(B) The people working there are much more educated and well versed with Indian culture. 

(C) People working in foreign countries can earn while learning. 

(1) Only A (2) Both B & C (3) Both A & C (4) Only B (5) Only C 

Q.4. According to the passage, the term ‘brain drain’ originally belonged to -? 

(1) Doctors only

(2) Doctors and Engineers

(3) Dieticians 

(4) Students

(5) Technology workers 

Q.5. Define ‘brain drain’? 

(1) It is a process of training doctors, engineers and other professionals to work abroad and bring back the earnings in the home country. 

(2) It is a process of migration of highly qualified experts from the under-developed countries to advancing countries. 

(3) It is the process of migration of professional from under-developed countries to US. 

(4) It is the process of transfer of experts from home country to other advanced countries to learn skills and techniques and then back again to home country. 

(5) It is a process of encouraging and retaining professionals in the home country. 

Q.6. Which of the following statements is TRUE in context of the passage? 

(1) India is scientifically advanced and industrialized nation of the world. 

(2) India is not suffering from the problem of brain drain as the citizens here are aware of their responsibilities towards the nation. 

(3) Young Indian scientists and technicians are devoted to the cause of rebuilding our nation, today. 

(4) People of India are coming forward to help government retain professionals including parents. 

(5) The doctors, engineers and scientists do not owe to their motherland as India has given them nothing but poverty, corruption and health problems. 

Q.7. Why does the author say that even a talented person cannot get a job in India? 

(1) Because of the problem of brain drain which is stealing the students and offering them opportunity of earning while learning. 

(2) Because of Corruption in India. 

(3) Because of Inflation. 

(4) Because of high unemployment. 

(5) Because of low literacy rate and health issues. 

Q.8. What does the UNO report say about the ‘brain drain’ issue? 

(1) It says that India is the most affected country. 

(2) It says that thousands of experts are migrating from under-developed countries to advanced countries. 

(3) It says that people love working in countries like US, Germany, Canada, UK because it has less population and high salary packages. 

(4) It says that India provides the opportunity of earning while learning that is why a lot of foreigners are coming in India to work. 

(5) It says that the country most benefitted by brain drain is US as many foreign experts are trying to be a part of its culture. 

Q.9. Suggest a suitable TITLE for the passage? 

(1) India benefits from Brain Drain (2) US benefits from Brain Drain 

(3) How to manage Human Resource (4) Brain Drain- Bigger problem than Corruption 

(5) Problem of Brain Drain in India 

Q.10. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage. 

Q.10. Lucrative 

(1) Unprofitable

(2) Unproductive

(3) Lucky

(4) Conciliate

(5) Well-paid 











Q.10.(5) Lucrative means productive, cost effective, Well-paid also means the same. 

For other options: 

Unprofitable - producing no profit or gain 

Conciliate - win over or overcome distrust.

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