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Monday, 8 January 2018

The Hindu Editorial : A Sum Of Contribution

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The Hindu Editorial : A Sum Of Contribution


Title: A sum of contribution

(Routine engagement of the States is crucial to India’s climate action commitments)

The Emissions Gap Report 2017, released last year ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference, underlined that fulfillment of national pledges related to carbon emission reductions under the Paris Agreement would be inadequate to keep global warming below 2°C.


UNFCCC TIMELINE: 

1979 — The first World Climate Conference (WCC) takes place.
1988 — The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is set up.
1990 — IPCC's first assessment report released.
1991 — First meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) takes place.
1992 — The INC adopts UNFCCC text.
1994 — UNFCCC enters into force.
2001 — Release of IPCC's Third Assessment Report. Bonn Agreements adopted, based on the Buenos Aires Plan of Action of 1998.
2005 — Entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol.
2007 — IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report released. Climate science entered into popular consciousness.
2009 — Copenhagen Accord drafted at COP 15 in Copenhagen.
2010 — Cancun Agreements drafted and largely accepted by the COP, at COP 16. 
2011 — The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action drafted and accepted by the COP, at COP17.
2012 - The Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol is adopted by the CMP at CMP 8. . Several decisions taken opening a gateway to greater ambition and action on all levels. 
2013 - Key decisions adopted at COP 19/CMP 9
2014 - At COP 20 in Lima in 2014, Parties adopted the ‘Lima Call for Action’
2015 - COP 21 PARIS
2017- COP 23 BONN

  • The Talanoa Dialogue of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC), beginning this month, will facilitate the parties to take stock of progress post-Paris.
  • As a key player in international climate governance, India could set the precedent in deepening the dialogue process through an action-oriented, inclusive, bottom-up approach, involving extensive participation and collaboration of its States.
  • India has committed to meet its current target of 33% reduction in emission intensity of the 2005 level by 2030, by generating 40% of its energy from renewables.
  • The Under2 Coalition, a Memorandum of Understanding by subnational governments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions towards net-zero by 2050, is generating a unique precedent for bold climate leadership, with its member states and regions surpassing 200 in number.

Essentials

  • It is equally imperative to examine the progress of subnational actions in meeting national climate targets. Towards this end, both national and State plans would need to be periodically reassessed and reviewed.
  • A transparent framework for review, audit and monitoring of GHG emissions is needed. As State capacities vary significantly, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities should be applied to allocate mitigation targets in different States, based on the principle of equity.

Conclusion:-

States have enormous mitigation potential, but the evidence pertaining to its effectiveness is still scarce.

Therefore, India must look towards creating knowledge action networks and partnerships under both national and State action plan frameworks. Kerala has taken the lead to build such a knowledge network funded by the National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.

What we got for English Section

What we got for English Section Vocabulary words:

Pledge = Promise, vow (प्रतिज्ञा)

Inadequate = Insufficient, not enough (अपर्याप्त)

Imperative = Crucial (अनिवार्य)

Inclusive = Including (सम्मिलित)

Collaboration = Alliance, partnership (सहयोग)

Vital = Essential, crucial (महत्वपूर्ण)

Coalition = A temporary alliance for combined action, partnership (गठबंधन)

Integration = Combination (एकीकरण)

Pact = A formal agreement between individuals or parties (संधि)

Precedent = exemplar (मिसाल)

Mitigation = the action of reducing the seriousness(अल्पीकरण)

Therefore, India must look towards creating knowledge-action networks and partnerships under both national and State action plan frameworks.

Kerala has taken the lead to build such a knowledge network funded by the National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change.
  • Use Article ‘The’ [Organisation Abbreviation]
E.g.; The UN

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