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Sunday, 13 August 2017

Important Notes : Adverb

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Important Notes :  Adverb

Definition- An adverb is a word that qualifies a verb, an adjective and another adverb.

Ex: (1) He walks carefully.

     (2) He is very intelligent.

     (3) The horse runs very fast.


Kinds of Adverbs

Adverbs of Manner:- It expresses the method of any action. As, Slowly, bravely, fast, hard, wisely, loudly, badly, clearly, certainly, doubtfully, etc.

Ex: The horse run fast.

      My friend Raju behaved foolishly.

Adverbs of Place:- It expresses place. As, Here, there, in, out, everywhere, above, below, inside, outside, etc.

Ex: He went there and found nothing.

     She looked up.

Adverbs of Time:- It expresses time. As, Today, tomorrow, yesterday, ago, before, daily, already, just now, last night, presently, shortly, recently, etc.

Ex: I saw her yesterday.

     He goes there daily.

Adverbs of Frequency/Number:- It shows frequency of any action. As, Seldom, always, never, once, twice, thrice, again, often, frequently, etc.

Ex: I have not seen you once. 

     We always try to do our best.

Adverbs of Quantity/degree:- It expresses quantity of any adjective or adverb. As, Entirely, wholly, too, very, enough, rather, fairly, fully, well, almost, etc.

Ex: She is too careless.

      The mango is almost ripe.

Adverbs of Affirmation or Negation:- It expresses the sense of affirmation or negation. As, Not, not at all, yes, no, probably, surely, certainly, indeed, etc.

Ex: He is certainly alive.

      I do not know you.

Adverbs of Reason:- It expresses reason. As, Hence, therefore, consequently.

Ex: I therefore left his house.

     Consequently he was sent to Dehradun.

Interrogative Adverbs:- It is used to ask question. As, When, how long, where, how often, how, why, etc.

Ex: When will you return?

      How many students were there in the class?

Relative Adverbs:- It is used to connect two sentences. 

Ex: The is the place where I lived.

Do you know when he will come back?

SPECIAL RULES 


1. Ago- It is used with past indefinite tense.

Ex:- He started living in this area two years ago.


2. Before- It is used with past indefinite/ present perfect tense

Ex:- I have visited this place before.

3. More- It is used before comparative degree adjectives

Ex:- He is more intelligent than smart.

4. Most- It is used to form superlative degrees

Ex:- Naveen Kumar Jain is the most successful person in India..

5. Much- It is used with quantity.

Ex:- He is much smarter than Mohan.

6. Too- It is used for negative adjectives

Ex:- He is too weak to run fast.

7. Enough- It is used just after the main verb/adjective it refers.

Ex:- This question is difficult enough for me to solve.

8. Rather- It comes with negative adjective

Ex:- The weather is rather hot.

9. Fairly- It comes with positive adjectives

Ex:- The poem is fairly nice.

10. Very- It is used with positive and negative adjectives

Ex:- He is very clever.

11. Seldom, never, always, Often, hardly, scarcely are used just before the main verb

Ex:- Anita seldom talks to strangers.

EXERCISE

1. India's latest communication satellite GSAT-17 was successful launched by a heavy duty rocket of Arianespace from Kourou in French Guiana.

2. He does not hardly know what happened yesterday.

3. It was most unfortunate that he died at the early age of 41.

4. In the last week, I told his to come in time but he still comes late everyday.

5. She is too much beautiful so most of the boys run after her and want to influence her.


ANSWER:-

1. Use ‘successfully’ instead of ‘successful’

2. Remove ‘not’

3. Remove ‘early’

4. Use ‘Last week’ instead of ‘In the last week’

5. Use ‘very’ instead of ‘too much’

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