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Sunday, 23 July 2017

Pronoun

Mahendra Guru

Pronoun

Pronoun:- A word which is used instead of a noun is known as pronoun.

Ex. Rohan is my best friend. He works hard.

Explanation- In the above sentence, He is a pronoun which is being used instead of Rohan (Noun).


Kinds of Pronoun

Personal Pronoun:- Personal Pronouns are…

    

Person
Subjective
Objective
Possession 1st (Adjective)
Possession 2nd
1st Person
I
me
my
mine
We
us
our
ours
2nd Person
You
you
your
yours
3rd Person
He
him
his
his
She
her
her
hers
It
it
its
-
They
them
their
theirs


Ex. He is doing his work attentively so that he may get promotion this year. 

Reflexive Pronoun:- Reflexive Pronouns are myself, ourselves, himself, yourself, herself, themselves, itself. 

Ex. I will do this task myself. 

Emphatic Pronoun:- Emphatic Pronouns are myself, ourselves, himself, yourself, herself, themselves, itself. 

Ex. He himself will have to face the problem. 

Reciprocal Pronoun:- Reciprocal Pronouns are each other and one another. Each other for two nouns whether one another for more than two nouns. 

Ex. Mohan and Sohan are loyal for each other. 

Indefinite Pronoun:- Indefinite Pronouns are Somebody, nobody, everybody, anybody, something, anything, everything, nothing, someone, no one, anyone, everyone, all, some, any, both, another, much, few, little. 

Ex. Someone of this society is trying to make the situation worst. 

Distributive Pronoun:- Distributive Pronouns are each, either, neither, one, none. 

Ex. Either of them can be with you next year. 

Demonstrative Pronoun:- Demonstrative Pronouns are this, that, these, those, such, the same. 

Ex. These are the students who will make country feel proud. 

Interrogative Pronoun:- Interrogative Pronouns are who, whom, whose, which, what, etc. 

Ex. What is the matter? 

Relative Pronoun:- Relative Pronouns are who, whom, whose, which, what, that. 

Ex. I have seen the girl whom you were talking yesterday. 

Special rules 

Rule 1. If three person pronouns are being used together as a subject in a sentence, there should be an order followed by them- 

231- Good sense 

123- Bad sense 

Ex. (1)You, he and I are going Chandigarh. 

      (2) I, you and he are found guilty. 

Explanation- As sentence (1) is in good sense that’s why order of the three pronouns is 231. And sentence (2) is in bad sense that’s why order of those pronouns is 123. 

Rule 2: ‘it is/was’ takes subjective pronouns after them. 

Example: It was I who had helped you. 

Rule 3: Let takes objective pronouns after it. 

Example: Let him come in the room. 

Rule 4: Indefinite pronouns take gender-based relative pronouns. 

Ex. Someone of this company is late in completing his work. (his work not one’s work) 

Rule 5: In relative pronouns ‘who/whom/which/that Who/whom’ is used for person/s. 

‘Which’ is used for things/persons/animals but for humans only while choosing. 

‘That’ is universally used. 

But with words like anything/ nothing/ all/ much/ little/ none/ none/ the + superlative adjective + noun only that is used. 

Ex. All the students that interfere in every task will be expelled. 

Rule 6: whose is used just before a noun. 

Ex. Whose book is this? 

Rule 7: When the transitive verb is used without an object after it, a reflexive pronoun is used to complete the meaning of the subject. 

Eg: enjoyed/ adjusted/ helped/ hanged/ called + reflexive pronouns (in case there is no object present) 

Example- She helped herself to protect from the dacoits. 

Rule 8: ‘one of’ is followed by a plural noun but by a singular verb. 

Ex. One of my best friends, Reena is trustworthy. 

Rule 9: Use objective case of pronoun after preposition. 

Ex. Sanjay laughed at you and me. 

Rule 10: Use Objective case of pronoun after gerund. 

Ex. Talking him was not a good experience. 

Rule 11: If comparison is being done between two subjects, use subjective case of pronoun after than/as. 

Ex. Ramesh is as good as I. 

      Suraj is fatter than I. 

Rule 12: Use ‘Either’ and ‘Neither’ only for two nouns or pronouns. 

Ex. Either of the two shirts is white. 

      Neither of the two boys is innocent. 

EXERCISE 

1. Rahul and Sanjay are good friends. They always help one another. 

2. I bought a suit price of whom is seven thousand rupees. 

3. The only boy who can help you in this situation is out of country now a days. 

4. Each boy and girl of this company is ready to complete their task before given time. 

5. Pankaj bought a beautiful car and gave the same to his father. 

6. As a member of this society, you are far better than him. 

7. This is the best book of English which will be helpful for you to crack your exam. 

8. This is a new car but that is old ones. 

9. The six friends live together in Allahabad and they love each other. 

10. Some of you has completed its test before time. 

ANSWER 

1. Use ‘each other’ instead of ‘one another’ 

2. Use ‘which’ instead of ‘whom’ 

3. Use ‘that’ instead of ‘who’ 

4. Use ‘his’ instead of ‘their’ 

5. Use ‘it’ instead of ‘the same’ as pronoun ‘it’ should be used for noun ‘car’ 

6. Use ‘he’ instead of ‘him’ as comparison is being done with two subjects. 

7. Use ‘that’ instead of ‘which’ 

8. Use ‘one’ instead of ‘ones’ as noun (car) is singular. 

9. Use ‘one another’ instead of ‘each other’ as each other is used only for two. 

10. Use ‘his’ instead of ‘its’






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