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# Previous Year Reasoning Questions | 22.07.2017

Mahendra Guru

Previous year questions give guidance to us and provide a base for the preparation of any competitive exam. It is always good to have an experience of how the level of exam varies from year to year. For every subject like in Reasoning Ability, we come to know the pattern of questions must be followed to prepare the examination.

IBPS PO – MEMORY BASED – 2016

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 42 chair 65 rocket 29 egg 98 still 85 52 holy apple.

Step I: apples 42 chair 65 rocket egg 98 still 85 52 holy 28

Step II: 41 apples 65 rocket egg 98 still 85 52 holy 28 chairs

Step III: eggs 41 apples 65 rocket 98 still 85 holy 28 chairs 51

Step IV: 64 eggs 41 apples rocket 98 still 85 28 chairs 51 holys

Step V: rockets 64 eggs 41 apples 98 still 28 chairs 51 holys 84
Step VI: 97 rockets 64 eggs 41 apples 28 chairs 51 holys 84 stills

Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement.

As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: call 85 76 implicit land 59 94 under ape sold 15 90.
1. In which step are the elements ’apes 94 under sold 90’ found in the same order?

(a) Fifth

(b) Seventh

(c) Third

(d) Fourth

(e) There is no such step

2. How many steps will be required to complete the above input?

(a) Eight

(b) Six

(c) Five

(d) Seven

(e) None of these

3. How many words or numbers are there between ‘under’ and ‘84’ as they appear in the fifth step of the output?

(a) Six

(b) Three

(c) Four

(d) Five

(e) Seven

4. In the third step of the rearrangement, ‘land’ is related to ‘85’and ‘calls’ is related to ‘14’ in a certain way. Which of the following would ‘sold’ be related to, following the same pattern?
(a) under

(b) apes

(c) 90

(d) 14

(e) 94

5. Which of the following represents the position of ‘58’ in the last but one step?

(a) Ninth from the right end

(b) Tenth from the left end

(c) Seventh from the right end

(d) Fourth from the left end

(e) Both (a) and (d)

SOLUTION

Directions (9-13):

Logic: In the given machine input, in first step smallest letter

according to dictionary is arranged with addition of “s” at

extreme left side and the smallest number among all by

subtracting “1” is arranged at extreme right side and in next step

second smallest number among all by subtracting “1” is arranged

at extreme left side and second smallest letter according to

dictionary is arranged with addition of “s” at extreme right side.

And this process is continued upto last step.

Input: call 85 76 implicit land 59 94 under ape sold 15 90.

Step I: apes call 85 76 implicit land 59 94 under sold 90 14

Step II: 58 apes 85 76 implicit land 94 under sold 90 14 calls

Step III: implicits 58 apes 85 land 94 under sold 90 14 calls 75

Step IV: 84 implicits 58 apes 94 under sold 90 14 calls 75 lands

Step V: solds 84 implicits 58 apes 94 under 14 calls 75 lands 89

Step VI: 93 solds 84 implicits 58 apes 14 calls 75 lands 89 unders

1. (d)

2. (b)

3. (c)

4. (a)

5. (e)