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Thursday, 13 July 2017

Facts About Gandhi

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Facts About Gandhi

Date and Place of Birth : Oct. 2,1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat. 

Father Name : Karamachand Gandhi, 

Mother Name : Putali Bai, 

Political Guru : Gopal Krishna Gokhale, 

Private Secretary : Mahadev Desai.
Literary Influences on Gandhi: John Ruskin's Unto This Last, Emerson, Thoreau, Leo Tolstoy, the Bible and the Gita.

Literary Works : Hind Swaraj (1909), My Experiments with Truth (Autobiography, 7927)-reveals events of Gandhi's life upto 1922.

Technique of Gandhiji :

Satyagraha- ''Insistence on truth'' , or ''holding onto truth''

 Inspired by Thoreau , Emerson and Tolstoy
 It Involved – 
  • Fasting 
  • Hartal
  • Non- cooperation
  • Civil Disobedience
Initial Movement-

Champaran Satyagraha -1917

Ahmedabad Mill Strike – 1918

Kheda Satyagraha – 1918

Champaran Satyagraha – 1917

  • At Bihar
  • Pesants of Indigo were Exploited by Europeans
They were Forced to grow indigo on 3/20 of the land (tinkathia System)

Ahmedabad mill strike 1918

  • Dispute between worker and mill owners
  • Asked workers to go on strike to demand 35% increase in wages 

Kheda Satyagraha -1918

  • In Gujrat
  • Vallabhai Patel , Indu Lal , Mohan Lal 
  • Crop had failed but the govt was insisting or the payment of the revenue
  • Later govt took revenue only from those who could pay


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