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Wednesday, 14 June 2017

PREVIOUS YEAR ENGLISH QUESTIONS | 14.06.2017

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PREVIOUS YEAR ENGLISH QUESTIONS | 14.06.2017


It’s always been good to learn from history since history repeats itself, similarly, it goes with the exam pattern we always try to find previous year questions to mentally prepare ourselves for upcoming hurdles in the exam and to check whether the level of our preparation is or is not up to the mark. Previous year questions give guidance to us and provide a base for the preparation of any competitive exam. It is always good to have an experience of how the level of exam varies from year to year. For every subject like in English, we come to know the pattern of questions must be followed to prepare the examination.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain 
words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the
questions.

The evolution of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) trend has been as profound as it has been 
rapid. It represents the more visible sign that the boundaries between personal life and 
work life are blurring. The 9am - 5 pm model of working solely from office has become 
archaic and increasingly people are working extended hours from a range of locations. At 
the very heart of this evolution is the ability to access enterprise networks from anywhere
and anytime. The concept of cloud computing serves effectively to extend the office out 
of office. The much heralded benefit of BYOD is greater productivity. However, recent 
research has suggested that this is the greatest myth of BYOD and the reality is thatBYOD 
in practice poses new challenges that may outweigh the benefits. A worldwide survey 
commissioned by Fortinet chose to look at attitudes towards BYOD and security from the 
users' point of view instead of the IT managers. Specifically the survey was conducted in 
15 territories on a group of graduate employees in their early twenties because they 
represent the first generation to enter the workplace with an expectation of own device 
use. Moreover, they also represent tomorrow's influencers and decision makers. The 
survey findings reveal that for financial organizations, the decision to embrace BYOD is 
extremely dangerous. Larger organizations will have mature IT strategies and policies in 
place. But what about smaller financial businesses ? They might not have such well 
developed strategies to protect confidential data.
                
Crucially, within younger employee group, 55% of the people share an expectation that
they should be allowed to use their own devices in the workplace or for work purposes. 
With this expectation comes the very real risk that employees may consider contravening 
company policy banning the use of own devices. The threats posed by this level of 
subversion cannot be overstated. The survey casts doubt on the idea of BYOD leading to 
greater productivity by revealing the real reason people want to use their own 
devices. Only 26% of people in this age group cite efficiency as the reason they want to 
use their own devices, while 63% admit that the main reason is so they have access to 
their favourite applications. But with personal applications so close to hand, the risks to 
the business must surely include distraction and time wasting. To support this assumption 
46% of people polled acknowledged time wasting as the greatest threat to the 
organization, while 42% citing greater exposure to theft or loss of confidential data. 
Clearly, from a.user perspective there is great deal of contradiction surrounding BYOD
and there exists an undercurrent of selfishness where users expect to use their own 
devices, but mostly for personal interest. They recognize the risks to the organization but
are adamant that those risks are worth taking.

Q.161.     Which of the following is not true about BYOD ?

(1) BYOD enables employees to access enterprise network from anywhere and anytime

(2) Due to Evolution of BYOD trend the 9 am - 5 pm model of working solely from office
has  become outdated.
             
(3)  Recent research has confirmed that BYOD boosts organisational productivity.
            
(4)  The concept of cloud computing facilitates the BYOD trend
              
(5) All the given facts are true

Q.12. According to the passage, the expectation of younger employees that they should
be allowed to use their own devices in the workplace, entails which of the following risks?

(A) Younger employees may deliberately transfer confidential data of their companies to
rivals  if they are not allowed to use their own devices for work purpose

(B) Younger employees may strongly feel like leaving the company if it prevents usage of
own device and join some other company that does not have such stringent policies
              
(C) Younger employees may consider flouting company policy prohibiting usage of their
own devices in the workplace or for work purposes

(1) Only C   (2) Only B        (3) Both A & C      (4) Only A           (5) All A, B & C

Q.3. According to the passage, for which of the following reasons did Fortinet conduct 
the survey on a group of graduate employees in their early twenties ?

(A) As this group represents the future decision makers

(B) As this group represents the first generation who entered the workforce with a better 
understanding of sophisticated gadgets

(C) As this group represents the first generation to enter the workplace expecting that
they can use their own devices for work purpose

(1) All A, B & C     (2) Only C     (3) Both A & C      (4) Only A     (5) Only B

Q.4. According to the passage, why would the decision to embrace BYOD prove dangerous
to smaller financial businesses ?

(1)  Their employees have poor knowledge about their devices which in turn pose a threat
to  the confidential data of the organisation

(2) Their employees are more vulnerable to misplacement of devices

(3) They may lack mature IT strategies and policies required to protect confidential data

(4) They cannot afford to deal with damage liability issues of employee-owned devices

(5) Their employees have a tendency to change jobs frequently

Q.5. What is/are the author's main objective(s) in writing the passage ?

(A) To break the myth that BYOD promotes employee efficiency and organisational
productivity

(B) To suggest ways to control subversion across levels of corporate chain of command

(C) To throw light upon the fact that employees even after knowing the risks involved,
prefer to use their own devices for work purpose mostly for personal benefits

(1) Both A & C    (2) All A, B & C     (3) Only C    (4) Only A     (5) Only B

Q.6.  According to the findings of the survey conducted by Fortinet, why do majority of
employees prefer using their own devices for work purpose ?

(1) As they often find that the devices provided by the company lack quality

(2)  As they have access to their favourite applications while working

(3) As majority of them believe that output doubles when they use their own devices for
work  purpose

(4) As handling data from their own devices reinforces their sense of responsibility

(5) As it helps them create a brand of their own

Q.7-8. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in
bold as used in the passage.

Q.7.     Outweigh

(1) Control           (2) Venture          (3) Perish              (4) Determine       (5) Surpass

Q.8.     Heralded

(1) Suspected      (2) Publicised      (3) Dragged          (4) Objective        (5) Benefit

Q.9-10. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word printed in
bold as used in the passage.

Q.9.     Subversion

(1) Compliance    (2) Sanity     (3) Popularity        (4) Destabilisation                  (5) Clarity

Q.10.     Embrace

(1) Contradict       (2) Disobey         (3) Curtail              (4) Reject             (5) Obscure


ANSWER


Q.1.(3)
Q.2.(1)
Q.3.(3)
Q.4.(3)
Q.5.(1)
Q.6.(2)
Q.7.(5)      Surpass
                For other options:
                Perish (v)- destroy completely
Q.8.(2)      Publicized
                For other options:
                Dragged (v)- made more complicated
Q.9.(1)      Compliance
                For other options:
                Sanity (n)- mental health
Q.10.(4)    Reject
                For other options:
                Contradict (v)- oppose

                Obscure (adj) - not clear



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