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Monday, 12 June 2017

PREVIOUS YEAR ENGLISH QUESTIONS | 12.06.2017

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It’s always been good to learn from history since history repeats itself, similarly, it goes with the exam pattern we always try to find previous year questions to mentally prepare ourselves for upcoming hurdles in the exam and to check whether the level of our preparation is or is not up to the mark. Previous year questions give guidance to us and provide a base for the preparation of any competitive exam. It is always good to have an experience of how the level of exam varies from year to year. For every subject like in the English Language, we come to know the pattern of questions must be followed to prepare the examination.

Direction: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

It is becoming increasingly fashionable to tax the super-rich. Taxing the super-rich primarily involves (1) the rates of personal income tax or property taxes. It ignores what actually happens with the incomes of the super-rich. Higher expenditure on goods and services results in more revenue being (2) through indirect taxes. Moreover, if taxes are low, there is no incentive to (3) either income or the acquisition of goods and services. Beyond a point, most income is then invested in financial institutions which, in turn help fuel industrial and economic growth.

It is axiomatic that a sma'll percentage of the population in any country will always control a major portion of its wealth. The top five percent will always earn more than fifty per cent of the total income and generate most of a nation's wealth. (4) taxing this class will result in the (5) of a class of the dishonest rich; If a man cannot become rich honestly, he will do so dishonestly. Alternatively, if he has. A sense of values and ethics, he has no option but to escape to other countries. The (6) of a large number of India's brightest engineers and doctors was in no small measure due to our socialist principles and heavy taxes.

The (7) of the tax system is that the honest tax payer is (8) attacked again and again. The dishonest tax payer (9) pays his tax dues. If the goal is to earn greater revenue, then taxing the super-rich will be counter-productive. The marginal gain in revenue will be temporary and there will be greater loss of revenue through (10) collection of indirect taxes. Hence, it is necessary to re-examine these myriad wasteful welfare schemes.

Q.1. (1) truncating (2) increasing (3) focusing (4) reducing (5) channelising

Q.2. (1) derived (2) generated (3) validated (4) propagated (5) lowered 

Q.3. (1) merge (2) explore (3) violate (4) trade (5) conceal

Q.4. (1) Partially (2) Incoherently (3) Temporarily (4) heavily (5) Marginally

Q.5. (1) defamation (2) alienation (3) creation (4) transition (5) suppression

Q.6. (1) attrition (2) termination (3) coalition (4) migration (5) retention

Q.7. (1) penultimate (2) probation (3) tragedy (4) charge (5) incentive

Q.8. (1) savagely (2) earnestly (3) hardly (4) favourably (5) visually

Q.9. (1) actively (2) always (3) secretly (4) judiciously (5) seldom 

Q.10. (1) lower (2) alarming (3) regular (4) volatile (5) expected

Solution

Q.1.(2) Increasing

For other options:

Truncating (v)- shortening

Channelising (v)- giving way to

Q.2.(2) Generated

For other options:

Validated (v)- proved

Propagated (v)- spread

Q.3.(5) Conceal

For other options:

Merge (v)- mix

Explore (v)- search

Q.4.(4) Heavily

For other options:

Incoherently (adv)- ambiguously

Marginally (adv)-slightly

Q.5.(3) Creation

For other options:

Defamation (n)-belittlement

Alienation (n)- separation

Transition (n)- change

Suppression (n)-abolition

Q.6.(4) Migration

For other options:

Attrition (n)-depreciation

Coalision (n)- association

Retention (n)- holding

Q.7.(3) Tragedy

For other options:

Penultimate (adj)- next to last

Probation (n)-apprenticeship

Q.8.(1) Savagely

Earnestly (adv)- eagerly

Q.9.(5) Seldom

Q.10.(1) Lower 

For other options:

Alarming (adj)- posing threat

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