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Thursday, 26 March 2020

English Language Quiz For SBI / RBI Main Exam | 26-03-2020

Priyanka Mahendras
English Language Quiz For SBI / RBI Main Exam | 19-03-2020



Dear Readers,


Mahendras has started special quizzes for SBI / RBI Main Exam so that you can practice more and more to crack the examination. This SBI / RBI Main Exam quiz series will mold your preparations in the right direction and the regular practice of these quizzes will be really very helpful in scoring good marks in the Examination. Here we are providing you important question of English Language for SBI / RBI Main Exam.




Read the following passage and answer the questions based on it. Certain words have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering.


Every moment of our lives, except the ones we spend sleeping, we devote to only one thing----feeling good or feeling better. Whatever we think, say or do, or don't think, don't say or don't do---everything is geared to only one goal---to feel better, to feel good, to feel happy, to feel peace, to feel secure, safe, harmonious, and comfortable. This is true, with respect to our identity, our self-worth, self-opinion, self-esteem, our education, our profession or job, our health, our likes and dislikes, our food, our choices and preferences, our hobbies and pursuits and our relationships. Whatever we say or do, whether we know and acknowledge it or don't, we always do, in order to feel good. You will not find anyone in this world who is seeking unhappiness, seeking sorrow, seeking anger, seeking guilt, seeking worry, seeking stress--these things happen, even as our seeking is only for one thing---feeling good.

Since pre-historic times, since the time man appeared on earth and started to evolve, when we lived in caves and were hunter-gatherers, we have always been geared to perceive threat and to protect ourselves, from these threats. We have been given survival instincts, and we are constantly in a protective, survival mode. We are always on the lookout for the next threat, the next problem, the next thing to worry about. Once we are finished managing one particular problem, our mind quickly moves on, to the next important problem. Earlier, our ancestors had to worry about famine, or natural calamities, or wild animals or hostile tribes attacking them. Today, those threats are no more, but we do perceive threat and react in the same way, with our nervous system, our hormonal systems, our immune systems, and our bodies. Our threats today are more about money, or loss of job, or health worries, or worries about our children, spouse or parents. Or they have to do with close relationships--siblings, parents, spouse, partner, children, friends, boss or co-workers. And if you see, unlike famine or wild animals, these threats are more in our minds than in real life.

Being continuously in the mind, perceiving and combating our threats, leaves us feeling negative, tired, exhausted and often, hopeless. The gap between the worries and fears in our minds, versus what is there in our reality, is huge. We worry that we will fall sick or die, or become poor, or lose our job or spouse, or that our kids would go astray, but in a majority of cases, it has been seen that most of these fears never materialise. Nevertheless, we spend so much time and energy worrying and fearing them, that we have no time or space left, to feel good. Since we are always fearful, worried and stressed, we are automatically looking for the opposite feeling-------that of feeling good or peaceful or happy. We don't like the miserable feeling of being in fear or worry. But since we are perceiving threats to us, one after the other, we might have very brief periods of happiness, but quickly we are back to our negative state.

In order to feel good for longer periods of time, we need to know and accept that most of our worries and fears are fictitious, and might never happen. The future is full of infinite possibilities and probabilities, and anything can happen tomorrow or next week or next year, but, with our threat perceiving, survival based brains, we seldom see the good or feel good. We try and feel good in our chronic stressed and fearful state, by indulging ourselves, in food, in drink, in gossip, in watching television, in travelling, in hobbies etc. But while these do make us feel good and can distract us for short periods of time, eventually, the sheer amount of threats that we perceive in our internal and external environments on a daily basis takes over, and we are back to square one.

The only way out of this vicious cycle, is to be present, to be aware, and to focus our energies and attention on the present moment, which is usually free of conflict. Most of our worries, if you realise, are not in the NOW. They arise in the past, or are likely to threaten us in the future. As of NOW, we usually have no problems, if you come to think of it. Focusing on the NOW, and holding our thoughts in a narrow range, without straying into the past or present, is one way of feeling good, because in the NOW, there is no perceived threat and we feel relaxed. We also tend to anticipate and overestimate future worries, and tend to magnify them out of proportion. It is a rare individual who will actually reduce or under estimate a future problem. We need to know that when the future arrives it can arrive in multiple shapes, while our brain usually imagines it arriving only in the worst possible way. Even in a severe epidemic, a very small percentage of cases actually turn complicated. Most people recover. But in our minds, when we think of an epidemic, we always imagine the worst. Likewise, we need to see things in the long shot, and accept that there are many possibilities, many ways a situation could resolve, and not be stuck with the doomsday theory that our minds feed us, almost all the time. It’s time we loosened our grip on fear, and let some trust, love, faith and acceptance, into our lives, if we are to feel better and better. Also, if you were to consider the observer effect that quantum physics talks of, or if you consider the law of attraction, by imaging the worst case scenario every time, we might actually be bringing about its very manifestation. We need to be really careful, about our thoughts and feelings.



Q1. Usually what worries us in our thoughts is very different from what really is a matter to worry about.” 


The given sentence can be inferred from-

(1) Paragraph 5

(2) Paragraph 2

(3) Paragraph 4

(4) Paragraph 3

(5) Paragraph 1


Q2. According to the passage, one can escape from the vicious cycle in which of the following ways?


A. By getting aware of the present situation.

B. By continuing the course of action despite the difficulty.

C. By focusing our energies on the present moment.


(1) Only A

(2) Only B

(3) Both A and B

(4) Both B and C

(5) All except B


Q3. “We might actually be bringing about its very manifestation”. Here, ‘its’ refer/s to –


A. Law of attraction in the universe.

B. The observer effect in quantum physics.

C. Thought of the worst-case scenario. 


(1) Only A

(2) Only B

(3) Both A and B

(4) Only C

(5) All of the above

Q4. According to the human point of view, which of the following fears definitely come(s) into being?

A. Departure from life.

B. Kids’ deviation from the goal.

C. Condition of being impoverished.


1) Only A

2) Only B

3) Both A and B

4) Both B and C

5) A,B and C


Q5. As mentioned in the passage, in pre-historic times people tended to be in-

A. Survival mode

B. Intuitive mode

C. Protective mode

D. Gathering mode


(1) Only A

(2) Only B

(3) Both A and C

(4) Both B and C

(5) Not mentioned in the passage


Q6. Choose the word most SIMILAR in meaning to the word given in bold, as used in the passage.



Pursuit 

(1) Trade

(2) Recreation

(3) Provoke

(4) Cause

(5) Spirit


Q7. Choose the word most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word given in bold, as used in the passage.

Stray


(1) Drift

(2) Disturb

(3) Accept

(4) Stable

(5) Possess


Q8. Choose the word most SIMILAR in meaning to the word given in bold, as used in the passage.

Complicated


(1) Straight

(2) Wonder

(3) Specified

(4) Tangled

(5) Surprised


Q9. The following question consists of a sentence with a blank. You are given five words as answer choices and from those, you have to pick up the correct word that fits the sentence correctly.



The programme will promote richer interracial contact among students ____________to become the nation's leaders.
(1) estimated

(2) mandated

(3) poised

(4) doomed

(5) bound


Q10. The following question consists of a sentence with a blank. You are given five words as answer choices and from those, you have to pick up the correct answer(s), which will make the sentence meaningful.


The censors changed some names and dialogue and not infrequently, ___________ controversial films completely.

(1) affiliated

(2) banned

(3) revised

(4) shortlisted

(5) allowed


Answers


1. (4)

2. (5)

3. (4)

4. (1)

5. (3)

6. (2)

7. (4)

8. (4)

9. (3)

10. (2)

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