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Saturday, 6 October 2018

English Language For IBPS Clerk | 06- 10- 18

Mahendra Guru : Online Videos For Govt. Exams
Dear Aspirants,

As IBPS has released the official notification of the Common Recruitment Process for selection of personnel for Clerical cadre Posts and the exam is tentatively scheduled to be held December 2018 & January 2019. Looking at the notification, we have now started subject-wise quizzes for the exam. It will include quizzes of all the subjects- Quantitative Aptitude, English, Reasoning and Computer. All these quizzes will be strictly based on the latest pattern of the IBPS Clerk exam and will be beneficial for your preparations. So, keep following the quizzes which will provide you a set of 10 questions daily. 

Here, we are providing you important questions of English Language for IBPS Clerk 2018 exam.

Q.1-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate’ them while answering some of the questions. 

Wildlife Conservation is the protection of all forms of life inhabiting the protected areas like national parks, wildlife sanctuaries. Its significance lies in the fact that all living creatures are the part of this complex but fragile web of life and a slight disturbance can play havoc with this web of life. The flora and fauna of this planet is being destroyed at an alarming pace and if sincere efforts are not made at the right time, a huge socio-economic cost can be paid by us, humans. A variety of efforts are going on at the international levels to conserve & preserve the wildlife. A large number of living beings are on the verge of extinction like tigers, elephants, rhinoceros, snow leopards, giant pandas, bears, birds like Siberian cranes, western tragopan, vultures. The disappearance of these mammals like tigers, lions, bears has emboldened the vested elements to destroy the forests as their fearsome inhabitants cease to exist in these places. Worldwide efforts are made to create more areas as protected areas so that more and more habitats can be provided to these wildlife creatures. But the ever soaring human population has posed most serious threat. More areas are converted into concrete forests to accommodate the human needs and greeds. Why India is a significant country in the wildlife context. Because India has numerous habitats suitable for varied wildlife-Perpetually snow clad Himalayan ranges and lower Himalayan ranges in the north India offer habitat for species like snow leopard, ibex , barrel, Himalayan bears, wolves, elephants, leopards, countless birds, deserts states in the west India offer ideal habitat for species like tigers, Asiatic lions, numerous camels, Western and Eastern Ghats in South India offer ideal habitat for species endemic to that areas, Western Ghats are declared as a biodiversity hotspot for wildlife, coastal eastern India offers unique habitat for the various species inhabiting that areas,-lastly north-east India has ideal habitat for species like rhinoceros, buffalos, elephants. 

Different projects were launched in India aimed at conservation of wildlife. Most ambitious and most discussed project, project Tiger, was launched in 1973-74, and is one of our most successful conservation ventures in the recent times. The project aims at tiger conservation. It strives to maintain a viable tiger population in the natural environment. In 1970, a national ban on tiger hunting was imposed and in 1972, the Wildlife Protection Act came into force. 

Other important wildlife conservation effort in India is saving one-horned rhinos which are found in world famous Kaziranga and Manas National parks in the north-eastern State, Assam. Though strict measures are being taken to salvage this wonderful species but ongoing insurgency and borders with Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan is making enforcement measures almost ineffective and poaching is going on. 
Efforts are being made to protect once abundant Asiatic elephants. Elephants are threatened by poaching for their tusks, by the loss of habitat due to human pressure on forested areas and due to human conflict. The isolated populations of wild elephants in individual wildlife sanctuaries are also threatened by loss of genetic diversity. Recently a number of corridors connecting wildlife sanctuaries have been established to encourage the migration of wild elephants.
Despite best and sincere efforts by India, the genuine problems like -soaring human number and their genuine needs,-rampant corruption in all walks of life-illiterate sea of humanity and their inability to meet their basic needs, organized and well equipped poachers, ill equipped and demoralized forest officials-pose serious threat to wildlife conservation efforts in India. 

Q.1. Why does the author say that the humans will have to pay a huge price if no efforts are made at the right time? 

(1) It is so because animals are dying at an increasing pace. 

(2) It is so because the flora and Fauna of the planet is being disturbed at an astonishing pace. 

(3) It is so because now efforts are being made at an international level. 

(4) It is so because the inflation is increasing the money supply in the economy. 

(5) It is so because tigers are becoming extinct now. 

Q.2. What is meant by ‘Wildlife Conservation’, in context of the passage? 

(1) It means conservation of flora and fauna of the Earth. 

(2) It means protecting wild animals only. 

(3) It means protecting all forms of life inhabiting the protected area. 

(4) It means punishing poachers of wildlife. 

(5) It means paying huge prices for development of national parks. 

Q.3. Which of the following wild animals are not on the verge of extinction? 

(1) Vultures

(2) Siberian Cranes

(3) Giant Pandas

(4) Lawn Flamingos

(5) Tigers 

Q.4. What, according to author, is posing a serious threat to wildlife? 

(1) Increasing population. 

(2) Destruction of forest areas. 

(3) Construction of National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries. 

(4) International involvement. 

(5) Extinction of wild animals. 

Q.5. Why does author think that India is an appropriate habitat for survival for wildlife? 

(1) It is so because India is cheaper that other countries. 

(2) It is so because India has varied climatic condition like- snowclad mountains, dense forest areas etc. 

(3) It is so because in India tigers are still alive. 

(4) It is so because India has launched various projects to protect wildlife. 

(5) It is so because Indians have an emotional space for wild animals. 

Q.6. When was Project Tiger launched in India? 

(1) 1970-1971

(2) 1972-1973

(3) 1973-74

(4) 1974-1975

(5) 1973-1975 

Q.7. Which of the following is NOT a genuine problem of Indian sub-continent as discussed by the author in the passage? 

(1) Corruption

(2) Increasing Population

(3) Demoralized forest officials

(4) Illiteracy 

(5) Sanitation 

Q.8. What are the causes of threats to Asiatic Elephants, thereby diminishing their numbers? 

(A) Poaching for tusks 

(B) Human pressure on forest areas 

(C) Corruption alongwith increasing population 

(1) Only B

(2) Both B & C

(3) Only C

(4) Both A & B

(5) Only A 

Q.9. Which of the following, according to the passage, is NOT an important project undertaken by India to save wildlife? 

(1) Project Tiger

(2) Save Paper 

(3) Save one-horned Rhino

(4) Save Asiatic Elephants 

(5) Both 1 & 4 

Q.10. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME is meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage. 

Q.10. Alarming 

(1) Assuring

(2) Calm

(3) Repose

(4) Soothe

(5) Frightening 

ANSWERS: 

Q.1.(2) 

Q.2.(3) 

Q.3.(4) 

Q.4.(1) 

Q.5.(2) 

Q.6.(3) 

Q.7.(5) 

Q.8.(4) 

Q.9.(2) 

Q.10.(5) For other options: 

Assuring - convincing 

Repose - restfulness, calm 

Soothe - calm, ease 


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