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Monday, 17 September 2018

English Language For IBPS RRB PO/Clerk | 17- 09 - 18

Mahendra Guru : Online Videos For Govt. Exams
English Language For IBPS RRB PO/Clerk | 17- 09 - 18

Dear Readers,

As IBPS has released the official notification of the Common Recruitment Process for RRBs (CRP RRBs VII) for recruitment of Group “A”-Officers (Scale-I, II And III) and Group “B”-Office Assistant (Multipurpose) and the exam is going to be held in the month of August 2018 and September 2018 for both the posts. Looking at the notification, we have now started subject-wise quizzes for the exam. It will include quizzes of all the subjects- Quantitative Aptitude, English, Reasoning and Computer. All these quizzes will be strictly based on the latest pattern of the IBPS RRB exam and will be beneficial for your preparations. So, keep following the quizzes which will provide you a set of 10 questions daily. 

Here, we are providing you important questions of English Language for IBPS RRB 2018 exam.

Q.1-10.Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate’ them while answering some of the questions. 

These Days global warming is a very hot topic and little wonder, seeing as the earth grows hotter with each passing year. For a long time now the effect of man’s industrialization and technological progress has quietly yet continuously eked away at the delicate balance of the planet’s atmosphere and ecosystem, but within the last 30 or 50 years the pace of this damage has markedly accelerated! 

In much the same way that Big Tobacco once vehemently denied the association between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, for the longest time a number of multi-billion-dollar-a-year industries have also been questioning the existence of global warming and misleading the public about its reality. The Clean Skies Act introduced in February 2003 apparently appears to strengthen already existent environmental laws such as The Clean Air Act but which in reality actually weakened and undermined them. The Clean Skies Act gave pollutant industries a lot of leeway allowing them to spew an additional 42 million more tons of pollution into the atmosphere and raised caps on greenhouse gas emissions.Former US vice President Al Gore is no stranger to these tactics. As perhaps the most widely recognizable face in the fight against global warming he has been scoffed at and ridiculed by the same individuals who would have us believe global warming is nothing more than a myth! 

The unprecedented super-accelerated rate of global warming happening today is due to the amount of greenhouse gases being spewed into the atmosphere. The most notorious greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide (CO2) because it so happens to be the biggest single contributing factor to global warming (CO2) comprises more than 75% of all greenhouse gases). So what’s spewing all that CO2 in the air? Simply put—mankind and his toys! Some of the biggest greenhouse gas pollutants include automobiles; electricity production; planes; shipping and the various manufacturing industries dotted all over the globe. 

The rays from the sun are comprised of shortwave solar radiation which pass through the atmosphere and are then absorbed by the earth thereby warming it. Part of that absorbed energy is reflected back to the atmosphere as long wave infrared radiation which is mostly trapped by the greenhouse gases. This trapped heat ensures that the earth is approximately warmer by 33 degrees Celsius than it would otherwise be. This trapped heat is actually good for us, for were it not for those greenhouse gases and other constituents in the atmosphere that trap heat, the earth would be as cold as Mars which has for all intents and purpose no atmosphere to speak of. Over the past century the earth has gotten warmer by approximately 0.7 degrees Celsius. This may not seem like much until you consider that the difference between the average earth temperature of today and another ice age is a mere 5 degrees Celsius! 

Drought! Flooding! Disease! Hurricanes! Starvation! Unbearable Heat! Any of these words seem to you to be appearing much more often in the news than before? 

Do you remember the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami that claimed more than 200,000 people? Remember hurricane Katrina that claimed more than 2,000 lives? These are the better documented horror stories. The less well documented global-warming related stories are often dismissively written off as ethnic conflicts in a region (Africa) where supposedly little else can be expected. 

Q.1. Which of the following has been affecting the ecosystem since a very long time? 

(1) The increasing rate of inflation.

(2) The industrialization process 

(3) The technological imbalances

(4) The problem of sanitation 

(5) Both 2 & 3 

Q.2. Who once denied the association between cigarette smoking and lung cancer? 

(1) Researchers

(2) Big Tobacco

(3) Bush II 

(4) Scientists (5) Former US Vice President 

Q.3. What was the actual impact of the Clean Skies Act introduced in 2003? 

(1) It supported The Clean Air Act. 

(2) It helped in acknowledging global warming as a threat 

(3) It helped in cleaning the atmosphere. 

(4) It weakened the continuing laws. 

(5) It threatened the former US Vice President. 

Q.4. Why was the former US Vice President Al Gore laughed at? 

(1) Because he did not believe in the process of global warming 

(2) Because people thought he is not fit to be the Vice President. 

(3) Because he always looked funny. 

(4) Because he did not follow Clean Skies Act. 

(5) Because he believed in global warming and wanted to fight it. 

Q.5. Why does the author say that global warming has been increasing in the present days? 

(1) It is so because of CO2 emissions. 

(2) It is so because of greenhouse gas emissions. 

(3) It is so because of automobile emissions. 

(4) It is so because of unhygienic conditions prevalent in the world. 

(5) It is so because people are unaware of it. 

Q.6. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage as a greenhouse gas pollutant? 

(1) Liquefied Petroleum Gas

(2) Automobiles

(3) Electricity production

(4) Planes

(5) Shipping 

Q.7. What is the process of Global warming, as mentioned in the passage? 

(1) Global warming is caused due to the increasing population all across the world, thereby, increasing the amount of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. 

(2) Global warming is caused by all the transports including CNG vehicles which naturally are emitting all sorts of harmful gases in the atmosphere. 

(3) Global warming is caused due to the rays of the sun directly falling on the Earth’s surface causing so tremendous volcanic eruptions. 

(4) Global warming is caused when the rays of the sun fall through the atmosphere and are absorbed by sun making the planet hotter. 

(5) Global warming is caused due to CO2 emitted by the people. 

Q.8. Earth has gotten warmer by how much degree Celsius in the past century? 

(1) 33 degrees

(2) 5 degrees

(3) 0.7 degrees

(4) 25 degrees

(5) 10 degrees 

Q.9. Which of the following words, according to the author, have you not been hearing more often in the news now, as mentioned in the passage? 

(1) Corruption

(2) Hurricanes

(3) Floods

(4) Droughts

(5) Starvation 

Q.10. The author has been indicating many events that have resulted in loss of lives due to global warming all across the globe. Which of the following is such an event? 

(1) Indian ocean Tsunami

(2) Hurricanes in USA 

(3) Starvation in African continent.

(4) Landslides in Leh. 

(5) Floods in Australia. 

ANSWERS 

Q.1.(5) 

Q.2.(2) 

Q.3.(4) 

Q.4.(5) 

Q.5.(2) 

Q.6.(1) 

Q.7.(3) 

Q.8.(3) 

Q.9.(1) 

Q.10.(1)

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