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Wednesday, 25 July 2018

English Language For SBI Clerk/PO Mains | 25- 07 - 18

Mahendra Guru : Online Videos For Govt. Exams
English Language For SBI Clerk/PO Mains | 25- 07 - 18
Developing a solid foundation in English will not only help you to increase your knowledge but will also help you to score better in the exam. English is a major section in exams which candidate fears a lot. To boost your preparation, MahendraGuru is providing English Quiz for SBI Clerk, RBI Assistant, IBPS Clerk and IBPS SO Exams exams.

With Mahendra Guru, be the first to know the changes in Grammar which keep you updated through its Practice sets.These practice sets will give you power in building your bright career.

Q.1-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions. 


The new direct tax code is a bold attempt at penetration the entire corpus of law relating to direct taxes — income tax, dividend distribution tax, fringe benefits tax, and wealth tax. Now open for public discussion, the code will be incorporated in a bill the government hopes to introduce in the winter session of Parliament. It represents a strategic shift in the government’s fiscal agenda relating to direct taxes. Its three main objectives are to minimise the number of tax exemptions even while maintaining moderate rates; remove ambiguities, and curb evasion. 

The Finance Minister hopes that the code — expected to become law by 211 — will provide stability to the tax regime as it is based on widely accepted principles of taxation and best international practices. The proposal to reduce the tax liabilities of individuals and corporates has attracted a great deal of attention but more important is the principle that low tax rates combined with simpler tax laws and minimal exemptions will benefit both the taxpayer and the exchequer. In that sense, the code’s proposal for lower marginal rates across all income slabs — for instance, total income between Rs.1.6 lakh and Rs.1 lakh will be taxed at 1 percent — ought to be evaluated along with other rationalization measures proposed. 

The move to streamline the tax treatment on savings by applying the EET method (exempt savings, exempt interest on savings, and tax withdrawals) removes the existing anomalies, besides taxing expenditure. However, with the penetration of social security schemes being at low levels, the case for exempting retirement benefits from tax still remains strong. The trebling of the deductible savings to Rs.3 lakh is long overdue. The changes proposed in the taxation of capital gains and wealth tax ought to be welcomed although in the first instance they appear to cause hardships to some categories of assessees. The distinction between short-term and long-term capital gains is to be eliminated, and this might affect punters in the exchanges. On the other side, the abolition of the turnover tax on share transactions will increase trading volumes in the exchanges. 

Corporate tax rates are proposed to be brought down to 25 per cent. The move to introduce a minimum alternate tax on assets requires clarification as even loss-making companies might be dragged into it. One major area of is the extraordinary powers proposed to be given to the tax authorities who can, in extreme situations, bypass even tax treaties. In its entirety, the tax code is a major step forward and ought to be welcomed. 

Q-1 Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE according to the passage? 

1. In its entirety, the tax code is a major step forward and ought to be welcomed. 

2. One major area of concern is the extraordinary powers proposed to be given to the tax authorities who can, in extreme situations, bypass even tax treaties. 

3. Total income between Rs.1.6 lakh and Rs.1 lakh will be taxed at 1 per cent — ought to be evaluated along with other rationalization measures proposed. 

4. In that sense, the code’s proposal for lower marginal rates across all income slabs. 

5. The new direct tax code is a bold attempt at consolidating the entire corpus of law relating to direct taxes — income tax, dividend distribution tax, fringe benefit tax, and health tax. 

Q-2 Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage? 

1. In that sense, the code’s proposal for higher marginal rates across all income slabs. 

2. Total income between Rs.1.8 lakh and Rs.1 lakh will be taxed at 12 per cent — ought to be evaluated along with other rationalisation measures proposed. 

3. The new direct tax code is a bold attempt at consolidating the entire corpus of law relating to direct taxes — income tax, dividend distribution tax, fringe benefit tax, and health tax. 

4. The move to streamline the tax treatment on savings by applying the ITA method (exempt savings, exempt interest on savings, and tax withdrawals) removes the existing anomalies, besides taxing expenditure. 

5. In its entirety, the tax code is a major step forward and ought to be welcomed. 

Q-3 Which is the most appropriate title of the passage? 

1. Bold attempt 

2. Economic policy 

3. Monetary policy 

4. Fiscal policy 

5. Coward attempt 

Q-4 Which of the following tax is given in the passage? 

(A) income tax 
(B) dividend distribution tax 
(C) fringe benefit tax 
(D) wealth tax 

1. Only A 

2. A and B 

3. B and C 

4. A, B and C 

5. All the above 

Q-5 Which tax rates are proposed to be brought down to 25 percent? 

1. Corporate tax 

2. Incorporate tax 

3. health tax 

4. wealth tax 

5. excise duty tax 

Q-6 To which tax is government's fiscal agenda related? 

1. Indirect tax 

2. Direct tax 

3. service tax 

4. road tax 

5. house tax 

Q-7 Which is the most SIMILAR meaning of the word? 

Consolidating 

1. combining 

2. disjoin 

3. disperse 

4. divide 

5. Separate 

Q-8 Which is the most SIMILAR meaning of the word? 

Penetration 

1. departure 

2. egress 

3. evacuation 

4. diffusion 

5. gonzo 

Q-9 Which is the most OPPOSITE meaning of the word? 

Instance 

1. obscure 

2. illustration 

3. example 

4. case 

5. sample 

Q-10 Which is the most OPPOSITE meaning of the word? 

Abolition 

1. abolishment 

2. abrogation 

3. annihilation 

4. cancellation 

5. Confirmation 

ANSWERS: 

Q1. (5) 

Q2. (5) 

Q3. (1) 

Q4. (5) 

Q5. (1) 

Q6. (2) 

Q7. (1)

Q8. (4)

Q9. (1) 

Q10. (5) 







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