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Sunday, 22 April 2018

English Language For SBI Clerk Prelims | 22- 04 - 18

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English Language For SBI Clerk Prelims | 22- 04 - 18
Developing a solid foundation in English will not only help you to increase your knowledge but will also help you to score better in the exam. English is a major section in exams which candidate fears a lot. To boost your preparation, MahendraGuru is providing English Quiz for SBI Clerk, RBI Assistant, IBPS Clerk and IBPS SO Exams exams.
With Mahendra Guru, be the first to know the changes in Grammar which keep you updated through its Practice sets.These practice sets will give you power in building your bright career.

Q.1-10. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some questions. 

Sometimes making villains out of other people can distract us from our own complicities. If Donald Trump were never elected, Harvey still would have flooded Houston, October still would have been the 394th consecutive month, that global average temperatures were above the 20th century average, and Delhi would still be choking on air so foul that just breathing for a day is roughly equivalent to smoking 44 cigarettes.Top of Form 

In a season when the silencing of voices is so rightfully in the public discussion, maybe the 25th anniversary of the “Scientists’ Warning” offers an opportunity to reflect on just how well each of us is listening to the voices we don’t want to hear. 

Here’s what I think happens with me. Maybe I wake up, turn on my phone, read something like, “On average, populations of vertebrate species declined by 58 percent between 1970 and 2012,” and I feel queasy — as though I’m living in a world that’s a shadow of the world I was born into — and at the same time I probably also get a little less sensitive to the insanity of our trajectory, and then I put down my phone and get swamped by the tsunami of the day: One kid has strep throat, another needs to go to the dentist, I’ve forgotten six or seven internet passwords, the dog just pooped on the rug. 

Hour by hour, minute by minute, I make decisions that seem like the right things to do at the time, but which prevent me from reflecting on the most significant, most critical fact in my life: Every day I participate in a system that is weaponizing our big, gorgeous planet against our kids. 

“Death,” Zadie Smith wrote in 2013, “is what happens to everyone else, If I truly believed that being a corpse was not only a possible future but my only guaranteed future — I’d do all kinds of things differently.”If our biological imperative is to pass our genes to the next generation, our moral imperative has to be to try, before we become corpses, to leave them a planet they can survive on. 

Since the “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity,” humans have done extraordinary things. We stabilized the stratospheric ozone layer; we connected people in instantaneous and previously unimaginable ways; we landed a golf cart on Mars and drove it around. We even got every nation-state on earth to agree to try to achieve net zero greenhouse-gas emissions by midcentury. But we’ve removed enough forests to cover Texas nearly twice, pumped almost half of the carbon emitted in human history into the atmosphere, grown the population by over two billion and cut the number of wild animals on earth by something close to half. This month a new coalition of scientists, published a new warning: “Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice.” It’s not as poetic as the first, unfortunately, but it’s just as grim. “Soon,” they write, “it will be too late to shift course away from our failing trajectory, and time is running out.” Over 15,000 scientists have signed the new call to action; according to the Alliance of World Scientists, that’s the most people to ever co-sign and formally support a published journal article. 

For decades science has been warning us that we are compromising earth’s systems, and that none of us will be immune to the consequences. Everywhere you look, people are trying: adopting renewable energy, working to guarantee women control over their reproductive decisions, fighting food waste, shifting to plant-based diets. Maybe the most important thing the rest of us can do is take our fingers out of our ears and join them. 

Q.1. What our moral imperative has to be before we become corpses, according to the author? 

(1) try leaving our next generation with a greatly famous name. 

(2) try leaving our next generation with a lots of wealth and prosperity. 

(3) try leaving our next generation a planet they can survive on. 

(4) try leaving our next generation a well groomed flora and fauna. 

(5) All of the above. 

Q.2. For serving what purpose have over 15,000 scientists signed the new call to action? 

(1) to ever co-sign. 

(2) to formally support a published journal article. 

(3) to criticize the authoritative norms of the us migrant visa policy. 

(4) Both 1 and 2 

(5) None of the above 

Q.3. What according to the passage people are trying to do? 

(1) They are adopting renewable energy. 

(2) They are working to guarantee women control over their reproductive decisions. 

(3) They are fighting food waste. 

(4) They are shifting to plant-based diets. 

(5) All 1, 2, 3 and 4 

Q.4. What according to the author is the most important thing the rest of us can do? 

A. It is to rest on our laurels and do nothing at all. 

B. It is take our fingers out of our ears and join who are trying to bringing about the change. 

C. It is to condemn others and be the backseat driver. 

(1) Only A 

(2) Only B 

(3) Both A and B 

(4) Both B and C 

(5) All A, B and C 

Q.5. What according to the authors science has been warning us for decades? 

A. that we are compromising earth’s systems. 

B. that none of us will be immune to the consequences. 

C. that we are not tampering with the ecosphere. 

(1) Only A 

(2) Both A and B 

(3) Both B and C 

(4) Only B 

(5) All A, B and C 

Q.6. A new coalition of scientists, published a new warning: “Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice.”- what is the tone of this journal? 

A. It is as poetic as the first. 

B. It is as grim as the first. 

C. It is as perplexing as the first. 

(1) Only A 

(2) Both A and B 

(3) Both B and C 

(4) Only B 

(5) All A, B and C 

Q.7. What according to the author people have done? 

(1) We’ve removed enough forests to cover Texas nearly twice. 

(2) We’ve pumped almost half of the carbon emitted in human history into the atmosphere. 

(3) We’ve grown the population by over two billion. 

(4) We’ve cut the number of wild animals on the earth by something close to half. 

(5) All of the above. 

Q.8. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage. 

Queasy 

(1) Happy 

(2) Restless 

(3) Smooth 

(4) Selfless 

(5) Serene 

Q.9. Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage. 

Complicities 

(1) Equivalence 

(2) Vehemence 

(3) Fluorescence 

(4) Innocence 

(5) Concurrence 

Q.10. Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage. 

Choking 

(1) Freaking 

(2) Smoking 

(3) Congesting 

(4) Tracking 

(5) Heinous 

ANSWERS 

Q.1. (3) 

Q.2. (4) 

Q.3. (5) 

Q.4. (2) 

Q.5. (2) 

Q.6. (4) 

Q.7. (5) 

Q.8. (2) 

Q.9.  (4) 

Q.10. (3) 

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