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Sunday, 6 August 2017

Important Notes : Verb

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Important Notes : Verb


Verb- Verb is a doing work.

Ex. Mukesh is playing in the garden.



      Radha can sing well.

Finite Verb- Verb which is used according to the number of the subject is known as Finite Verb.

(1) Siya is cooking food.

(2) Priya and Reena are good friends.

In the 1st sentences, ‘is’ is being used for singular noun ‘Siya’.

In the 2nd sentence, ‘are’ is being used for plural subject ‘Priya and Reena’

Non-finite Verb- Verb which is not affected of subject and tense of the sentence is known as Non-finite Verb.

Ex. (1) He wants to meet me.

      (2) They want to meet us.

      (3) I wanted to meet her.

In the 1st, 2nd and 3rd sentences, ‘to meet’ is common I all. So it is Non-finite Verb.

Infinitive- Base form of a verb is known as Infinitive.

Types of Infinitive

(1) Infinitive with ‘to’

It is easy to sing.

He wants to go home.

Explanation- ‘to sing’ and ‘to go’ are infinitive with to.

(2) Infinitive without ‘to’

Let me tell you the truth.

She saw me break the rule.

Explanation- ‘Tell’ and ‘break’ are Infinitive without ‘to’.

Gerund- When ing form of main verb acts as a noun, is called gerund.

Ex. Swimming is a good exercise.

      Smoking is dangerous.

      Here, ‘swimming’ and ‘smoking’ are gerund.


Participle- A verb which acts as an adjective is known as participle.


My grandmother told me an interesting story.

Opening the box, he took out his shirt.

Here, ‘interesting’ and ‘opening’ are present participle.

Primary Auxiliary-

Verb to be- is, am, are, was, were

Verb to do- do, does, did

Verb to have- has, have, had


Ex. He is able to crack SSC exam.

Modal Auxiliary- Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, ought to, uses to, need, dare, must.

Ex. He can lend you money whenever you want.

EXERCISE
1. Why not to take a holiday?

2. We look forward to hear from you.

3. Check the oil before to start the car.

4. He did not want that I should go.

5. I enjoy to travel.

6. It is no good to talk to him.

7. I made him to give me the money back.

8. It is not worth to get angry with her.

9. Why to pay more at another shop?

10. I suggest her to go home.

ANSWER

1. Use ‘Why not take……’

2. Use ‘hearing’ instead of ‘hear’

3. Use ‘starting’ instead of ‘start’

4. Use ‘He did not want me to go.’

5. Use ‘travelling’ instead of ‘travel’

6. Use ‘talking’ instead of ‘to talk’

7. Use ‘give’ instead of ‘to give’

8. Use ‘getting’ instead o ‘to get’

9. Use ‘pay’ instead of ‘to pay’


10. Use ‘I suggest her that she (should) go home.’

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